A cataract is a clouding of the natural lens (crystalline lens) in the eye. The natural lens is situated behind the iris (that gives the color of the eye) and is usually transparent. Cataracts develop slowly and usually affect both eyes which lead to a slow decrease in vision. Cataract status is the “natural” evolution of the crystalline lens after 60 or 70 years old.
As for today, cataract surgery is the only successful treatment for cataracts. Many studies are investigating whether it is possible to cure cataract with eye drops, but no scientifically proven treatment except the surgery is available now.
In addition to restoring vision that has been lost due to the opacification of the lens, cataract surgery can correct myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism and presbyopia with monofocal, toric or multifocals Intra Ocular Lenses. Newly developed lenses (Eyemax, IOL AMD) are promising and seems to improve vision in patients presenting Age Macular Degeneration.
Cataract surgery can be performed using a Femto Second laser (FLACS: Femtosecond Assisted Cataract Surgery) which can improve the safety and the accuracy of the surgery in some specific cases.